Treating Hyperpigmentation on Indian Skin

Indian skin is particularly susceptible to hyperpigmentation. Most people in India have a skin tone ranging from Type III to Type VI on the Fitzpatrick scale, although Type II is also seen in the northernmost regions of the country. The general recommendations on reducing hyperpigmentation in people with darker skin are not alway set in stone when it comes to South Asian skin.

Something that will work in African American skin might not work as well in Indian skin. On a side note, South Asians tend to have substantially more body hair than other ethnicities, so laser hair removal is extremely popular in the subcontinent. Lasers that work well on the fairer skinned Indians (skin Type III or even lighter).

Treating Hyperpigmentation in Indian Skin

If you have Indian skin, you must check out the clinics and doctors that are listed in the India country section in my page on top clinics for dark skin laser treatments. Not only are these clinics experienced at treating darker skin, they almost entirely specialize in treating Indian patients.

Most of them have years of experience in using lasers to treat Indian skin. Whether for hair removal, hyperpigmentation treatment, acne scar revision, moles and skin tag removal and much more. And they all use the latest available technologies that work on South Asian dusky skin tones.

The depth of hyperpigmentation is also an important factor when it comes to treatment strategy. Epidermal hyperpigmentation is on the upper layers of the skin and hence easier to treat. In contrast, dermal pigmentation runs much deeper and requires more intensive treatments.

Vogue India has a good summary of recommendations in treating dark spots in Indian skin. According to Dr. Lara Devgan, if done too agressively, lasers, chemical peels, and microinfusion microneedling for fading darkness can make dark spots worse in peple with olive and darker skin tones.

The Ageless Clinic in India in Mumbai has a useful page that discusses pigmentation issues in Indian skin. Below is an image from the clinic’s instagram that shows a before and after result in removing hyperpigmentation from an Indian person.

Hyperpigmentation Indian Skin
Before and after hyperpigmentation in Indian skin. Treatment from Ageless Clinic.

The clinic’s owner is Dr. Harsha Bijlani. According to her, once the issue causing your pigmentation is under control (whether hormonal, due to injury or excessive sun exposure), peels and lasers are the most common ways to prevent and fight pigmentation. Inititial treatment will usually consist of skin lightening creams that are more suitable for darker skin.

At the Ageless Clinic, hyperpigmentation treatment consists of the following options:

  • PicoSure®.
  • Clear Skin Laser™.
  • Cosmelan™.
  • AgeLess Diamond Skin Resurfacing™.
  • Dermaroller with Lightening Agents.
  • Mesotherpy with Lightening Agents.
  • Skin-brightening Super-Medi Facials.
  • AgeLess Stem Cell Face Treatment™.
  • Chemical Peels.

A Common Skin Concern

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin concern for individuals with Indian skin tones. It can be caused by various factors, including sun exposure, inflammation, hormonal changes, and genetics. Here are some general recommendations for treating hyperpigmentation on Indian skin:

  1. Sun Protection:
    • Sun exposure can exacerbate hyperpigmentation. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF (at least 30) every day, even on cloudy days. Reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially if you are outdoors.
  2. Topical Skin Lightening Agents:
    • Ingredients such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, niacinamide, alpha arbutin, and licorice extract can help lighten hyperpigmented areas. These ingredients may be found in over-the-counter products or prescribed by a dermatologist.
  3. Retinoids:
    • Retinoids, such as retinol or prescription-strength tretinoin, can promote skin cell turnover and help fade hyperpigmentation. Start with a lower concentration to minimize irritation, and gradually increase if tolerated.
  4. Vitamin C:
    • Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help brighten the skin and reduce hyperpigmentation. Look for serums containing stabilized vitamin C (ascorbic acid) for maximum effectiveness.
  5. Chemical Peels:
    • Chemical peels, including glycolic acid or salicylic acid peels, can help exfoliate the skin and reduce hyperpigmentation. However, these should be done under the supervision of a dermatologist to avoid complications.
  6. Microneedling:
    • Microneedling involves the use of tiny needles to stimulate collagen production and improve skin texture. It can be effective in treating hyperpigmentation when performed by a trained professional.
  7. Prescription Medications:
    • Dermatologists may prescribe stronger medications, such as topical steroids or combination creams, depending on the severity of hyperpigmentation.
  8. Avoid Irritants:
    • Avoid harsh skincare products and treatments that can irritate the skin, as inflammation can worsen hyperpigmentation in individuals with Indian skin tones.
  9. Hydration:
    • Keep your skin well-hydrated. Moisturizing regularly helps maintain the skin barrier and can contribute to an overall healthier complexion.
  10. Consult a Dermatologist:
    • If hyperpigmentation is persistent or severe, it’s essential to consult a dermatologist. They can assess your skin, determine the underlying causes, and recommend a personalized treatment plan.

Remember that consistency is key when treating hyperpigmentation, and results may take time. Additionally, protecting your skin from further sun damage is crucial to preventing the recurrence of hyperpigmented areas. Always patch test new products and introduce them gradually to avoid potential irritation. Individual responses to treatments may vary, so consulting with a dermatologist for personalized advice is recommended.

How to Reduce Hyperpigmentation on Dark Skin

Perhaps the most common dermatological complaint of people with darker skin tones is hyperpigmentation due to excess melanin production. Even the slightest injury, acne, insect bite, rash, scratching or burn in a person with dark skin often leads to long lasting post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Even worse are major injuries that cause thick dark lines, scars and marks. In people of color, such marks take years to fade, and sometimes never go away completely. Some scars and stitch marks even turn into raised keloids or hypertrophic scars, especially in people of African American heritage. My own slightly raised and darker shade scar from a childhood chin injury is still visible decades later.

Dark skinned people also tend to suffer from hormone driven melasma and its associated dark patches in large areas of their face and forehead. Undereye dark circles are also more common in people of color, especially in people from South Asia.

Fairer skinned people tend to see less pigmented skin reactions and scarring due to the lack of significant melanin production by melanocytes. In darker skinned people, the melanocyte cells are easily triggered by the smallest of injuries.

It should be noted that some people with dark skin want to lighten their entire face or even whole body. Their first method of choice is usually via the use of skin lightening and bleaching creams. On this page, I focus on reducing small areas of skin darkening rather than overall skin bleaching. However, some of the ingredients and methods use to accomplish the latter are the same when it comes to targeting smaller areas of hyperpigmentation.

How to Treat Hyperpigmentation in Darker Skin

One of the most instructive videos on treating hyperpigmentation in dark skin is courtesy of Dr. Vanita Rattan. Make sure to also check out her bestselling book and her Instagram page.

Among her warnings include:

  • To never ever use TCA chemical peels on skin of color.
  • She does not like glycolic acid peels, since they can often cause inflammation and further skin darkening.
  • Avoid lasers if possible. She is not a fan of using any form of light energy (other than Nd:YAG later per a later e-mail to me) on skin of color. She feels that most lasers can damage the lower dermal layer of the skin and cause burns. I think that some newer lasers might be more effective and safer, but I am glad that Dr. Rattan is not promoting them left and right.
  • She says that hydroquinone gives fantastic results when you are on it due to its powerful tyrosinase inhibition. It just stops melanin from being formed. However, when you come off of it after three months, you get rebound hyperpigmentation that is often even worse then before as melanocyte cells rebound. Hydroquinone is just too aggressive in skin of color. I wish that someone had warned me as such before I damaged my skin by using a high-strength dose of this product.

Her favorite pigment reducing ingredients (which she uses in her own products too) include:

  • Octadecanoic acid.
  • Phytic acid.
  • Ferulic acid.
  • Vitamin A.
  • Vitamin C.
  • Licorice extract.
  • Mulberry extract.
  • Niacinamide.
  • Azelaic acid.
  • Antioxidants.
  • Kojic acid dipalmitate (KAD — which she prefers to kojic acid, which can cause irritation in darker skin tones).

In another video, Dr. Rattan also praises tranexamic acid as a very good ingredient to reduce melasma and hyperpigmentation.

Another great video on treating hyperpigmentation is from Dr. Dray. However, her advice pertains to all skin tones and is not focused on people of color. In her opinion, the top 10 ingredients to fade hyperpigmentation are as follows:

  1. Topical Vitamin C.
  2. Hydroquinone.
  3. Kojic Acid.
  4. Soy.
  5. Azelaic Acid.
  6. Topical Vitamin A.
  7. Salicylic Acid.
  8. Licorice Root.
  9. Niacinamide.
  10. Sunscreen.

Hyperpigmentation Resources

Below I list some great resources in relation to treating hyperpigmentation and skin darkening in people of color. It is much harder to tackle hyperpigmentation in darker skin (Fitzpatrick 4-6) types. Some of the resources below often include testimonials, reviews and videos from people with much fairer skin, so please keep that in mind. Try to find results from people with a similar skin type to yourself to get the best idea of which products and treatments work. And which procedures causes side effects most frequently.

For example, liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on a lower leg scar on my skin type 4 caused significant skin darkening that remains even over five years later. Recently, one doctor on Instagram said that she no longer treats her darker skin patients with cryotherapy. Of course this does not mean that such a treatment will never work on your ethnic skin, but it is best to be cautious.

  • Reddit’s r/SkincareAddiction has a great hyperpigmentation wiki. But do note that the page is not broken out by lighter versus darker skin types.
  • The Bombay Skin Clinic has a very thorough page on pigmentation treatments.
  • Dr. Seemal Desai wrote a good review on hyperpigmentation therapy options in 2014.